Russia is one of the largest countries of the
world. It occupies about one seventh part of dry land. Its total
area is over 17 million square kilometres. The country borders
Finland and Norway in the north-west and China and Korea in the
south-east. Its washed by several seas and three oceans.
There are different types of climate in the various regions
of Russia. It is very cold in Yakutia even in summer. Central
Russia has mild climate: winters are quite cold, springs and
autumns are cool and wet, summers are hot. In Krasnodarsky
Region the temperature is above zero all year round, even in
winter. Summer is really hot there. In some locations the
climate is subtropical. The climate of Siberia is continental:
summers are hot and dry and winters are cold and windy.
There are a lot of mountains in Russia. The oldest ones and very
rich in minerals are the Urals. There are many rivers
in Russia, the longest ones are Volga in Europe and Yenisei and
Ob in Asia. The deepest lakes are Baikal and Ladoga. Baikal water
once was purest in the world. Now environment protection
organizations' leaders want it to be restored and kept safe and
pure. They demand removing industrial enterprises out of its
shore. Russian Federation is very rich in mineral resources such
as oil, natural gas, coal, iron ore, gold and diamonds.
Moscow is the capital of our country. It was founded in 1147
by Yuri Dolgoruky. It is a busy commercial and industrial
Megapolis and a nice city at the same time. There are a lot of
art galleries, theatres, museums and monuments in Moscow.
The most famous historical place is Moscow Kremlin, where there
is the President resides and works. People of Russia take proud
of the Kremlin. There are also a great number of beautiful cities